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Three ways to add a subwoofer crossover to your two channel system

There are many ways to integrate subs into your two channel system. We do not believe in running your speakers “full range”, bringing the sub in where the speakers roll off, though if you really want to do that then see our article on how to do it.

We’re advocates of actively rolling off the bass to your speakers, combining the left and right signals to mono, and feeding to one, or preferably multiple subwoofers.

Running speakers full range with subs coming in underneath limits your choice of crossover point for the subs, and if your speakers are ported can result in severe integration challenges due to phase cancellation around the crossover point.

Actively rolling off the bass to your main speakers will improve sound quality by:

  • Reducing distortion, since your amps and speakers work less hard as the sub takes the load
  • Smoothing the frequency response and reducing modal resonances, due to room mode cancellation effects from multiple subwoofers
  • Increasing low frequency extension, giving you a “full range playback system”, in our opinion very important for truly enjoying everything that is on a recording

With all that said, here are three ways you can integrate subs!

Analog active crossover

This is a device that goes into your signal path between pre and power amp, or in a tape loop in your integrated. We like the JL Audio CR-1. Another option is the Bryston 10B-SUB.

JL Audio CR1 Active Crossover

These crossovers let you choose the frequency and slope for the crossover and have great sound quality. They are perfect for a reference quality system or if you are wary of digitizing the output of your turntable.

The JL is comprehensive enough to allow integration into a home theater system, can sum left and right to mono internally, and is relatively easy to set up (assuming you have an acoustic measurement system like the XTZ Room Analyzer II and some knowledge).

Here’s a good review of the JL Audio CR-1 at Ultra Audio.

Active digital crossover

These devices work in the digital domain (therefore digitize all incoming signals) and provide significant flexibility in setting up crossover point and slope. We like the products from DEQX and Trinnov, both of which provide functionality far beyond simple sub crossovers.


The DEQX processors like the HDP-4 and PreMATE are fully featured digital pre-amps with onboard DACs that include speaker / room correction. They are best employed as the nerve center of your system, fed with a digital source and feeding a power amplifier. Here’s the Stereophile review of the PreMATE.

These solutions are definitely more complex than the active analog crossovers discussed above, and to properly optimize all their feature you’ll generally need the support of a knowledgeable dealer.


Software digital crossover

This type of subwoofer crossover resides on a PC or Mac and is performed by playback software such as JRiver Media Center or Pure Music. Both have decent onboard crossover functionality that is sufficient to get good integration.

Since you have split the left and right signals inside the computer you now need a multi-channel DAC to feed your system. The volume control is best done in the DAC, unless you have a multi-channel pre-amp. The DAC feeds the left/right power amps and the subs.

Most multi-channel DACS are not particularly user friendly and don’t have basic features like output muting when power is disconnected.

The two units to look at if you are interested in this approach would be the ExaSound E28 and maybe the new Merging NADAC. We’ve sold a few E28s and they work well for this purpose.

exasound e28 multichannel DAC

In terms of complexity I’d say this the most challenging to setup and maintain, mostly because it involves using a general purpose computer. Typical symptoms are no sound, requiring a computer reboot.

One major downside is that you are limited to the sources on the computer, so no turntable or CD player or cable box, unless you get really geeky and figure out how to get those into the computer. On the plus side the same computer can also work as a music server.


These three methods of integrating subs into a two channel system are our favorites, but I am sure there are many other approaches.

If you have a favorite method to integrate subs not covered here, or other recommended products please share by adding a comment below.

Please also feel free to ask us advice on what may be best for your situation!

12 thoughts on “Three ways to add a subwoofer crossover to your two channel system”

  1. I’m a big fan of the miniDSP for many of the reasons you mention.

    $100, and it has analog input, analog output, but digital processing in between — that not only lets you choose crossover frequency but also slope, and multiple bands of parametric EQ, if you desire.

    1. Hi Nathan, thanks for your comments.

      Yes, the miniDSP processors are great value. The 2×4 has some limitations though, particularly how much digital delay you can use (7ms if I recall correctly). On occasion this is not enough delay to properly integrate subs. I believe the higher end units have much greater delay capabilities.

      The miniDSPs, whilst great value, are not the most transparent and their insertion “losses” might not be acceptable to someone with a higher end audio system. The Xilica processors are the next step up (XP-2040 for example), and above those the DEQX and Trinnov.

      1. How about the new miniDSP 2×4 HD? Does this maybe now approach the level of the Xilica, even if still not the DEQX?

        1. It’s now approaching the level of a Xilica, but still not there. Xilica has XLR IO, 40 bit floating point, rack mount form factor, integrated power supply. But for sure the 2x4HD is way cheaper!

    1. What other lower cost options for crossover have you considered or used? We’ve used the miniDSP on a few jobs but it’s definitely not up to the Xilica either in terms of DSP power or packaging (rack mount enclosure, XLR IO, etc).

  2. I just connect the speakers to the high level connectors on the back of the subwoofer.
    And adjust the crossover on the subwoofer.

    1. Hadn’t come across that before. Certainly ‘different’ as they say in the product title! It has a high pass for the main speakers, which is useful and could be used with the low pass in the subs. However I think the high pass slope, at 6dB is insufficient (should be 12 or 24dB), and the choice of high pass slopes is limited, compared to a DSP crossover or JL Audio CR1.

    1. We normally start at 80Hz, but the best frequency will depend on the speakers, subs and room. Sometimes, for example, you can crossover subs at 100Hz and mains at 60Hz to boost the frequency range in the middle in order to help flatten the response.

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